How can I bring a family member to Spain?
Before getting to know and to analyze some of the different requirements, advices, examples and tips about how to bring a family member to Spain, first we need to clarify the following points:
- You will need to have enough incomes and/or savings to bring a family member to Spain,
- You can only bring your wife, husband or children,
- If you want to bring a extended family member (mother, father, brother…) you need to prove this person has been living at the expenses of you or must be over 65 years old,
- There are two different types of reunification visa: “Visado de reagrupación familiar en régimen general” (if you are a non-EU citizen) and “Visado de reagrupación familiar con ciudadano comunitario” (if you are Spanish or an EU citizen),
- You cannot bring a family member to Spain with a tourist visa in order to get a residence permit,
- Each Spanish embassy is different,
- It is free (there are no public charges for this kind of visa).
Which family members can be reunited?
- The spouse (only one), not separated de facto or de jure, and provided that the marriage has not been entered into fraudulently,
- The person who is in a relationship with the applicant, similar to that of marriage (recorded in a public registry or proven by the applicant),
– The resident’s unmarried children o those of the spouse or partner, including adopted children.
– Direct descendants over 18 with disabilities
– Children or other persons over 18 with disabilities whom the resident is legal guardian o representative
- Parents of the resident, or those of the spouse or partner, over 65. Exceptionally on humanitarian ground a residence permit might be granted for parents under 65.
The different visas to bring a family member to Spain
As specified above, there are 2 different types of reunification visa: “Visado de reagrupación familiar en régimen general” (if you are a non-EU citizen) and “Visado de reagrupación familiar con ciudadano comunitario” (if you are Spanish or an EU citizen),
1. Visado de reagrupación familiar en régimen general
Foreigners who have been living legally in Spain for a year and have obtained authorisation to stay at least one more year. To reunite ascendants, the foreigner must be a longterm resident in the country. Those who can also reunite their family, without previous legal residence, include: holders of an EU long-term residence permit in another Member State of the European Union, holders of an EU blue card, or beneficiaries of the special regime for researchers.
2. Visado de reagrupación familiar con ciudadano comunitario
If you are an EU citizen moving to Spain to live, work or study, EU rules make it easier for your family to join you. Your spouse, children and grandchildren can join you, even if they are not EU nationals.
If you are a worker
If you are working in another EU country, as an employee, self-employed or on a posting, your non-EU spouse, dependent children and grandchildren can stay there with you without having to meet any other conditions.
If you are a pensioner
If you are a pensioner living in another EU country, your non-EU spouse, children and grandchildren can stay there with you if you have for yourself and your whole family:
- sufficient income to live without needing income support
- comprehensive health insurance in that country
If you are a student
If you are a student living in another EU country, your spouse, dependent children and grandchildren can stay there with you if you:
- are enrolled in an approved educational establishment
- have sufficient income to support your whole family without needing income support
- have comprehensive health insurance for your whole family in that country
Your non-EU spouse, children and grandchildren must apply for a residence document with the authorities in the host country (often the town hall or local police station) within 3 months of arriving.
Find out how to get a residence card for your non-EU family members.
During their stay in your new country, your non-EU spouse, children and grandchildren should be treated as nationals, notably regarding access to employment, pay and benefits facilitating access to work and enrolment in schools.
What procedures do my family have to follow?
Within 2 months, of the application for reunification being granted, the family member must apply in person, notwithstanding exceptions, for a visa at the corresponding Spanish diplomatic mission or consulate, accompanied by the following documents:
• A standard passport or travel document, valid in Spain and with a minimum validity period of 4 months.
• A criminal record certificate, or equivalent, covering the previous 5 years, if the family member joining the resident is over the age of criminal responsibility.
• Original documentation proving family ties and relationships, the existence of a de facto union and, when applicable, age and legal dependency.
• A medical certificate stating that they do not suffer from any disease which could have a severe impact on public health in accordance with International Health Regulations.
While the visa is being processed, the applicant may be required to appear in person and, if necessary, to attend an interview.
If the family member to be reunited is already in Spain illegally, the visa application will not be processed.
If the visa is granted, once it has been collected in person, except in the case of minors, the applicant must enter Spain within the visa’s validity period (not exceeding 3 months), and request (in person, except in the case of minors) within a period of one month, a Foreigner’s Identification Card (TIE).
What are the effects and duration of temporary residence permits granted for family reunification?
• When the foreign resident applying for family reunification has a temporary residence permit, it is valid until the date stated on the same.
• When the foreign resident applying for family reunification has a long-term residence permit or EU long-term residence permit, until the validity date of their Foreigner’s Identification Card (TIE).
In the case of a spouse, partner, or children, when they reach employment age the temporary residence permit.
If you are living legally in Spain and have enough incomes/savings to support your family members, you should not encounter any issue in order to get a visa for them.